PNP index crime report misleads true state of Davao’s peace and order situation

DAVAO CITY — The index crime rate released by the Philippine National Police (PNP) this month listing Davao City with the fourth highest number of index crimes is misleading than what meets the eye, according to the Davao City Police Office (DCPO).

The PNP report covering a five-year period from 2010 to 2015 showed the city’s index crimes at 37,684 next to Cebu City with 38,797. The top two cities are Quezon City with 65,514 and Manila with 54,689.

While the PNP data simply reported the total number of crimes in the city for the past five years, it failed to indicate that the index crime rate has significantly decreased from 11,432 in 2013 to 6,545 in 2014 to 4,032 in 2015.

“We do have a very high crime solution efficiency rate which means most of these crimes are solved,” DCPO Spokesperson Police Chief Inspector Milgrace Driz said in an interview.

Index crimes include crimes against persons such as murder, homicide, physical injury and rape, and crimes against property such as robbery and theft.

DCPO data shows an increasing crime solution efficiency rate in the city from 43.6 percent in 2012, 55.97 percent in 2014 and 78.88 percent in 2015, decreasing only to 19.33 percent in 2013, which was an election year. DCPO was an awardee as best City Police in recognition of its crime solution efficiency.

“The tranquility that we are experiencing in the city today is a result of the high crime solution efficiency which means while crimes are being committed in the city, these are being solved by the police,” she said.

She said the index crime rate in 2015 included crimes that are classified as barangay crimes which are within the jurisdiction of the barangay officials but this anomaly has been corrected in 2015 when the PNP goes all-out crime busting via the Lambat Sibat.

Most of the index crimes reported in the city included drug-related cases where the criminals have been killed in police operations, she said.

PNP’s data shows that the city had the highest number of murder cases with 1,032 in the last five years, coinciding with the increasing number of drug-related killings in the city during that period.

Driz said while there are theft and robbery cases in the city, these are not street theft and robbery since most of the cases happened inside establishments where there are security guards.

“The data should also be interpreted alongside the non-index crimes which are police-initiated operations,” Driz said.

Non-index crimes refer to violations of special laws including estafa, prostitution, kidnapping, and carnapping. That also includes violations of the smoking ordinance. PNA/